N3 Grammar Course

Admin bar avatar
Marshall
JLPT Grammar
Free
  • 93 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

N3 Grammar Course

〜間(あいだ)に

In this lesson, I will teach you how to use the grammar rule 〜あいだに.


Usage:

Verb(Dictionary Form, Negative Form)+ あいだ

Te Form of Verb + いる + あいだ

Noun + の + あいだ

Meaning:

While…/during…


Examples:

わたしがゲームをしているあいだ彼女かのじょかけました。
She went out while I was playing games.
 
かれているあいだわたしはテレビをつけた。
I turned on TV while he was sleeping.

Note:

Difference between 〜間 and 〜間に.

〜間:
〜間 is often used when you want to express that you do something for a long time while something is happening.You can not use momentary verb in the sentence.
For example:
かれているあいだわたしかけた。✖️
I went out while he was sleeping.
かれているあいだわたしはずっとゲームをしていた。✔️
I was playing games while he was sleeping.

〜間に:
〜間に is often used when you want to express that you did something (momentary action)while something is happening.
For example:
かれているあいだに、わたしはずっとゲームをしていた。✖️
I was playing games while he was sleeping.
 
かれているあいだに、わたしかけた。✔️
I went out while he was sleeping.
3+
avataravataravatar

4 thoughts on “〜間(あいだ)に

  1. I’m leaving a sample sentence on each grammar point I’ve learned, here’s for this one:

    父が新聞を読んでいる間に、弟はくしゃみをした。
    My little brother sneezed while my father was reading a newspaper.

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Correct!

      0

  2. Is there a huge difference between 間 and 間に or are they pretty much interchangeable (most of the time)?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      They are different, I explained it in the note.

      0

Leave a Reply