N4 Grammar Course

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JLPT Grammar
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N4 Grammar Course

~てくる/てきます

Te Form of Verb + くる/きます


Meaning 1:

「~てくる/てきます」means “you will go back soon after finishing something”.

Note:
Often used with ちょっと to emphasize the short time.

Examples of Meaning 1:

ちょっとおひるてくる
I’m going to eat lunch. (And after that I will come back)

ちょっとスーパーにてくる
I’m going to supermarket. (And after that I will come back)

ちょっとおあらてきます
I’m going to the restroom. (And after that I will come back)

ちょっとかけてきます
I’m going out for a while. (And after that I will come back)

すぐもどてきます
I will be back soon.

Meaning 2:

Used to indicate that the direction of action is towards the speaker.

Examples of Meaning 2:

もどてくるの?
Are you coming back?

いつかえてくるの?
When will you return?

台風たいふうがやってくる
A typhoon is coming (toward where we are living.)

かれはしてきました
He ran toward me.

そのかならずやってくる
That day shall come.

Meaning 3:

Used to show, based on the present situation, how things have changed from before until now.

Examples of Meaning 3:

このイベントはひゃくねんつづてきた
This event has been going on for a hundred years.

えいじゅうねんべんきょうてきた
I have been learning English for ten years.

JLPTを受験じゅけんする外国人がいこくじんてきました
The number of foreigners taking the JLPT has increased.

ぜんよりも、ほんまなひとてきました
More people are learning Japanese than before.

インターネットのきゅうによって、わたしたちの生活せいかつはずいぶんとわってきた
With the spread of the Internet, our lives have changed a lot.
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