N4 Grammar Course

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JLPT Grammar
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N4 Grammar Course

Lesson 4: 〜ように/ような/ようだ

Usage 1:

①Noun + の + ように + Verb
②Noun + の + ような + Noun


Meaning of Usage 1:

「Noun + の + ように/ような」means “like…”; “as…as…”.

Examples of Usage 1:

こおりのようにつめたい。
It’s as cold as ice.

これはなまりのようにおもい。
This is as heavy as lead.

かれどものようにわらっています。
He is laughing like a kid.

鶏肉とりにくのようなあじがする。
It tastes like chicken!

人生じんせいたびのようなものだ。
Life is like a journey.

わたしはあなたのようなひとになりたいです。
I want to become a man like you.

Usage 2:

①Dictionary Form of Verb + ようだ
②Past Tense Form of Verb + ようだ
③Te Form of Verb + いる + ようだ
④i-Adj + ようだ
⑤na-Adj + な + ようだ


Meaning of Usage 2:

「〜ようだ」means “It seems that…”.

Note:
「〜ようです」 is the polite form of 「〜ようだ」.

Examples of Usage 2:

かれなに問題もんだいがあるようです
It seems that he has some problems.

彼女かのじょにはたくさん友達ともだちがいるようです
She seems to have many friends.

かれ成功せいこうしたようです
It seems that he is successful.

すこたいじゅうえたようですね。
You seem to have gained some weight.

しょうしているようです
It seems out of order.

トムはいているようです
Tom seems to be crying.

そとさむようです
It seems that it is cold outside.

あなたはそんなにきょうがないようですね。
It seems like you’re not too interested.

このネックレスは彼女かのじょにとって大切たいせつようです
It seems that this necklace is important to her.

だれでもみなゴルフがきなようです
It seems that everybody likes golf.

Patron-only:

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7 thoughts on “Lesson 4: 〜ように/ような/ようだ

  1. Should we say 子ども or 子供 (full kanji), or both are accepted?

    1+

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Both are correct

      1+

  2. Under usage 2, example 2, isn’t it “彼は成功なようです”? Because 成功 is ナ-adjective.

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      成功する is a Verb, it’s not a ナ-adj

      0

    2. Ok, thanks!

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  3. What’s the difference of “usage 2 ようです” from “usage 2 そうです”

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      you use そうだ when you’re both an observer and a person who is currently involved in some way while ようだ is used when you feel you’re an observer and kind of an outsider.

      1+

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