N4 Grammar Course

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Marshall
JLPT Grammar
Free
  • 84 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

N4 Grammar Course

(もし)~なら

In this lesson, I will teach you how to use the grammar rule (もし)~なら.

Usage:

(もし)+ Verb(Dictionary Form, Past Tense Form, Negative Form…)+ (の/ん)+ なら
(もし)+ イ-Adjective + (の/ん)+ なら
(もし) + ナ-Adjective + なら
(もし)+ Noun + なら
Note: の/ん is used to emphasize what you are saying.

Meaning:

If…
(often used to express the thought or action of speakers under some conditions.)


Examples:

あの大学だいがくならてんしゃ便べんです。
Bicycles are convenient If you want to go to that university.

ちかならあるきましょう。
If you are close, let’s walk.

いやならやめてもいいですよ。
You can stop if you don’t like it.

大学生だいがくせいならこのくらいはできるはずです。
If you are university students, it should be able to do this.

Note:

Difference between 〜たら and 〜なら.

A + たら + B
1.often used to express that if A become the past, what will happen(B).
2.often used to express one single action.

A + なら + B
1.often used to express that if A happens, what the speaker will think/do.
2.なら can not be used to express something that will happen for sure.
はるになるなら、ピクニックにこう。❌
If it’s spring, go for a picnic.

Because 春になる will happen for sure.
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