N4 Grammar Course

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Marshall
JLPT Grammar
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  • 84 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

N4 Grammar Course

Lesson 10: ~てしまう/ちゃう

Usage:

①Te Form of Verb + しまう
②Te Form of Verb(drop the て in the end) + ちゃう


Meaning:

「~てしまう/ちゃう」means:
①the action has been completed.
② do negative action unintentionally. / something regrettable happens.

Note:
「〜ちゃった」= 「〜てしまった」.
「〜ちゃう」and 「〜ちゃった」are less formal than 「〜てしまう」and「〜てしまった」.

Examples:

あまものwaついてしまう
I can’t resist sweet things.

彼女かのじょ責任せきにんさにwaあきてしまう
I’m surprised by her lack of responsibility.

らくたものは、すぐにうしなてしまう
Easy come, easy go.

このうたくたびにわたしちゃう
I cry every time I listen to this song.

ねこ可愛かわいらしさにおもわずわらちゃう
Without thinking I laughed at the cuteness of the cat.

こおりてしまった
The ice has melted.

彼女かのじょてしまった
She had gone to bed.

かれしつぎょうてしまった
He has lost his job.

みちまよちゃった
I got lost.

風邪かぜちゃった
I have caught a cold.

Patron-only:

You can make sentences using the grammar rule you have learned in this lesson by clicking the button below, and I will check for you!

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