N4 Grammar Course

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Marshall
JLPT Grammar
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N4 Grammar Course

~まま

Usage:

Past Tense Form of Verb + まま

Negative Form of Verb + まま

イ-Adjective + まま

ナ-Adjective + な + まま

Noun + の + まま

 

Meaning:

Express that the status remains unchanged.

 

Examples:

かれはテレビをつけたままてしまった。

He fell asleep with the TV on.

 

げんじょうわらないままです。

The current situation remains unchanged.

 

りょうあついままれいぞうれないでください。

Don’t put food in the refrigerator while it’s still hot.

 

めんくろなままです。

The screen is still black.

 

ずっと学生がくせいのままでいたいです。

I want to be a student forever.

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2 thoughts on “~まま

  1. I suppose you cannot replace it by 間に? And is it much different from っぱなし?

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    1. How I see it, まま is leaving something as it is, while っぱなし is really only used for when something is left on or in use. So you may replace まま with っぱなし in the first example, but not for any of the rest. 間に is distinct from these two in that it is used in conjunction with another phrase to express that the latter happened while the former was happening. Hope this helps.

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