N5 Grammar Course

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Marshall
JLPT Grammar
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  • 96 week duration

N5 Grammar Course

Lesson 2: ~中(ちゅう)

Usage 1:

Noun + ちゅう


Meaning of Usage 1:

Noun + ちゅう:in the middle of doing something

Example phrases:

WordReadingMeaning
運転中うんてんちゅうin the middle of driving
お話し中おはなしちゅうin the middle of talking
会議中かいぎちゅうin the middle of meeting
営業中えいぎょうちゅうbe open(shop, etc)
検討中けんとうちゅうbe under consideration
工事中こうじちゅうbe under construction
出張中しゅっちょうちゅうbe away on business
食事中しょくじちゅうin the middle of eating
調査中ちょうさちゅうbe under investigation
電話中でんわちゅうin the middle of talking on the phone
勉強中べんきょうちゅうbe learning
休み中 やすみちゅうin the middle of vacation

Examples of Usage 1:

ごとちゅうなの?
Are you at work?

まだごとちゅう
Are you still at work?

いまごとちゅうなので、あとでんします。
I’m at work now, so I’ll call you later.

かれいまかいちゅうです。
He is in conference now.

はなちゅうすみません。
I’m sorry to interrupt you while you’re talking.

しょくちゅう携帯けいたいるのやめなさい。
Please don’t look at your cellphone while we’re eating.

トムはメアリーとでんちゅうです。
Tom is talking to Mary on the phone.

Usage 2:

Time + ちゅう


Meaning of Usage 2:

Time + ちゅう:by the end of…/ in…

Example phrases:

WordReadingMeaning
三月中さんがつちゅうby the end of March/ in March
午前中ごぜんちゅうby the end of morning/ in the morning
今月中こんげつちゅうby the end of this month/ in this month
Exceptions:
今日中きょうじゅうby the end of today/ today
今週中こんしゅうちゅう・こんしゅうじゅうby the end of this week / this week

Examples of Usage 2:

かれぜんちゅうきた。
He got up in the morning.

結婚式けっこんしきぜんちゅうおこなわれた。
The wedding ceremony was performed in the morning.

かれぜんちゅうほんんでいた。
He read a book all morning.

Usage 3:

Place + ちゅう


Meaning of Usage 3:

Place + ちゅう:in the [place]

Example Sentences of Usage 3:

わたしすいちゅうきられない。さかなじゃない。
I cannot live in water. I’m not a fish.

くうちゅうさんみず溶解ようかいする。
Oxygen in the air dissolves in water.

Patron-only:

You can make sentences using the grammar rule you have learned in this lesson by clicking the button below, and I will check for you!

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