N5 Grammar Course

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Marshall
JLPT Grammar
Free
  • 38 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

N5 Grammar Course

~中(ちゅう)

In this lesson, I will teach you how to use the grammar rule ~中(ちゅう).


Usage 1:

Noun + ちゅう

Meaning of Usage 1:

in the middle of doing something

Example phrases:

JapaneseEnglish
運転(うんてん)中in the middle of driving
お話(はな)し中in the middle of talking
会議(かいぎ)中in the middle of meeting
営業(えいぎょう)中be open(shop, etc)
検討(けんとう)中be under consideration
工事(こうじ)中be under construction
出張(しゅっちょう)中be away on business
食事(しょくじ)中in the middle of eating
調査(ちょうさ)中be under investigation
電話(でんわ)中in the middle of talking on the phone
勉強(べんきょう)中be learning
休(やす)み中 in the middle of vacation

Example Sentences of Usage 1:

ごとちゅうなの?
Are you at work?

まだごとちゅう
Are you still at work?

いまごとちゅうなので、あとでんします。
I’m at work now, so I’ll call you later.

かれいまかいちゅうです。
He is in conference now.

はなちゅうすみません。
I’m sorry to interrupt you while you’re talking.

しょくちゅう携帯けいたいるのやめなさい。
Please don’t look at your cellphone while we’re eating.

トムはメアリーとでんちゅうです。
Tom is talking to Mary on the phone.

Usage 2:

Time + ちゅう

Meaning of Usage 2:

by the end of…/ in…

Example phrases:

三月さんがつちゅう by the end of March/ in March
ぜんちゅう by the end of morning/ in the morning
今月こんげつちゅう by the end of this month/ in this month
 

Exception:

今日きょうじゅう by the end of today/ today
こんしゅうちゅうこんしゅうじゅう by the end of this week / this week

Example Sentences of Usage 2:

かれぜんちゅうきた。
He got up in the morning.

結婚式けっこんしきぜんちゅうおこなわれた。
The wedding ceremony was performed in the morning.

かれぜんちゅうほんんでいた。
He read a book all morning.

Usage 3:

Place + ちゅう

Meaning of Usage 3:

in the [place]

Example Sentences of Usage 3:

わたしすいちゅうきられない。さかなじゃない。
I cannot live in water. I’m not a fish.

くうちゅうさんみず溶解ようかいする。
Oxygen from the air dissolves in water.
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