N5 Grammar Course

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JLPT Grammar
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N5 Grammar Course

Lesson 15: 〜になる・くなる

Usage 1:

①i-Adj: change い to く and add なる in the end
②na-Adj + になる
③Noun + になる


Meaning of Usage 1:

You use 〜になる・くなる when you want to express the result of change.

Examples of Usage 1:

かれしゃになりました
He became a doctor.

アニメがになりました
I came to like anime.

彼女かのじょはかわいくなりました
She became cute.

みずこおりになりました
The water turned into ice.

いたみがなくなりました
The pain has gone.

かれ有名ゆうめい俳優はいゆうになりました
He became a famous actor.

Usage 2:

Dictionary Form of Verb + こと + になる


Meaning of Usage 2:

You can use 〜になる to express that you have decided to do something because of some reasons.(Sometimes you don’t like it but you have to make this decision.)

Examples of Usage 2:

こんくにかえことになりました
I have decided to come back to my country this time.

友人ゆうじん結婚式けっこんしきにアカペラでうたことになりました
I’m going to be singing a cappella at a friend’s wedding ceremony.

昨日きのうトムに告白こくはくされて、ことになりました
Tom confessed his love to me yesterday and we have started dating.

経営者けいえいしゃ会社かいしゃだいとしていっしゅうかん一回いっかい海外かいがい出張しゅっちょうすることになりました
It was decided that the manager, as the company’s representative, would go overseas on business trips once a week.

わたし学祭がくさいかたけのさい学校がっこうかぎ紛失ふんしつしてまつしょことになりました
I lost a school key when I was cleaning up after the school festival and I was then required to write an apology letter.

Patron-only:

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5 thoughts on “Lesson 15: 〜になる・くなる

  1. Forms of なる? Past tense, future tense etc.

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    1. It is a -ru verb.
      Past tense: なりました or short form: なった
      Future tense would be the same as present tense: なります or short form なる
      Te- form: なって
      Potential form: なれる

      I hope this helps!

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  2. Thanks!

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  3. What’s the difference between になる and 決める? Does it have to do with how the sentence is built or are those used in different contexts?

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      決める:you decide something on your own
      になる:you have to make the decision because of some reasons.(sometimes you don’t want to do it)

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