N5 Grammar Course

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Marshall
JLPT Grammar Course
Free
  • 35 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

N5 Grammar Course

Lesson 11: 〜ましょうか

Usage:

Volitional Polite Form + か


Meaning:

「Volitional Polite Form + か」means “Shall I/we…”; “Why don’t…”; “How about…”.
(Volitional Form Example: 会います→会いましょう。Just change す to しょう )

You use 〜ましょうか when you want to invite someone to do something or give some suggestions.

Note: You can also use 〜ましょう directly, the difference is that 〜ましょう is stronger than 〜ましょうか, you can translate 〜ましょう to “Let’s…”.

Example Sentences:

ましょう
Let’s go.

いそましょう
Let’s hurry up.

はじましょう
Let’s begin.

テニスをしましょう
Let’s play tennis!

だいましょう
Let’s change the topic.

いえかえましょうか
Why don’t we go home?

タクシーをましょうか
Should I call you a taxi?

おカバンをおちしましょうか
Shall I carry your bag?

明日あしたあさ九時くじましょうか
Shall we meet tomorrow morning at nine?

今日きょう午後ごごゴルフをしましょうか
How about playing golf this afternoon?

Notes:

Difference between 〜ませんか and 〜ましょうか

〜ませんか is used to invite someone to do something. If the listener doesn’t want to do it, they can politely decline the offer.
Example:
A:コーヒーをませんか
(Would you like to drink some coffee?)
B:ごめんなさい。今日きょうはちょっと…
(I’m sorry. I can’t do it today.)

〜ましょうか is used to invite someone to do something, not giving the listener the right to politely decline.
If the listener doesn’t want to do it, they’d have to explain exactly why.
Example:
A: コーヒーをましょうか
(Let’s drink coffee!)
B: すいません、コーヒーがにがです。
(I’m sorry. I’m not good at coffee.)

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3 thoughts on “Lesson 11: 〜ましょうか

  1. A: コーヒーを飲のみましょうか! (Let’s drink coffee!)
    B: いいえ、私わたしは飲のみたくないです。 (No, I don’t want to drink it.)
    The answer if B sounds rude. Or will they make up an excuse like not feeling well? How to say so?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      It’s okay, but I changed it to a better excuse!

      1+

  2. Thanks!

    0

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