【2】Basic Expression Course

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Marshall
Basic Course
Free
  • 8 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Lesson 7: Nounの上/下/中/前/後

In this lesson, I will teach you how to express the position of something in Japanese.


Positions in Japanese:

Difference between となり and よこ:
A B C
B,C are よこ to A
B is となり to A, but C is not となり to A.

うえ=top,した=bottom,まえ=front,うしろ=back,みぎ=right,ひだり=left 
なか=inside,そと=outside
かい=across from,となり=next to,よこ=next to,そば=ちかく=near
ひがし=east 西にし=west みなみ=south きた=north

Example Phrases:

つくえうえ on the desk

つくえした under the desk

いえまえ in front of the house

いえうしろ  behind the house

きょうしつなか  in the classroom

きょうしつそと  outside the classroom

なかさんのみぎ  Mr. Tanaka’s right

なかさんのひだり  Mr. Tanaka’s left

なかさんのとなり  next to Mr. Tanaka

Note: の is a particle that can be used to express the position.
You can learn more usage of の in [Particle Course].

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