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Lesson 2: NounはNounです
|Noun 1||は/が||Noun 2||です/ではありません|
は vs が
|Both は and が are particles. は is topic marker. and が is subject marker. |
【Noun 1 + は】 means that Noun 1 is the topic of this sentence, and 【Noun 1 + が】means that Noun 1 is the subject of this sentence.
When は is a particle, it’s read as “wa”.
は: emphasizes the noun after it.
が: emphasizes the noun before it.
For example, 私はトムです。 I’m Tom.
In this sentence, は emphasizes “Tom”. So you can drop the “私は” too. If you say “トムです”, it means “I’m Tom.”, It’s just less formal.
In this sentence, が emphasizes “私”. This sentence is often used to answer a question: “Who is Tom?”
So you will answer him: I’m Tom. (It’s not everyone else, It’s me!)
So it will be weird to drop the 私が.
Usually, は is way more often used.
But if you do want to emphasize the subject, feel free to use が, it’s correct too!
I’m a student.
Mr.Tanaka is not a student.
He is Mr.Nakamura.
My father is a teacher.
My father is not a teacher.
Mr.Yamada is a singer.
Note: さん is added to the end of other people’s names to address them more politely, you can’t use it on your own name.