Basic Expression Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
Free
  • 8 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Basic Expression Course

Lesson 6: NounにNounがあります/います

In this lesson, I will teach you how to describe a person or thing that exists in a place.


Patterns:

に is a particle.
に has other functions too, but no worries, you can learn them in Particle Course later.
For now, you only need to know に can be used to indicate the location of something.

PatternMeaning
[Noun 1(Place)] + に + [Noun 2(Thing)] + が + あります

[Noun 1(Place)] + に + [Noun 2(Person/Animal)] + が + います
There is a … at/in …
[Noun 1(Thing)] + は + [Noun 2(Place)] + に + あります

[Noun 1(Person/Animal)] + は + [Noun 2(Place)] + に + います
…is at/in …

Example Sentences:

部屋へやにパソコンがあります。
There is a computer in the room.

公園こうえんがあります。
There is a tree in the park.

いえいぬがいます。
There is a dog in the house.

きょうしつ学生がくせいがいます。
There is a student in the classroom.

パソコンは部屋へやにあります。
The computer is in the room.

学生がくせいきょうしつにいます。
A student is in the classroom.

Notes:

①You can use どこ to ask the location.
—————————————————
Conversation 1:

A: パソコンはどこにありますか。
A: Where is your computer?

B: 部屋へやにあります。
B: It’s in the room.

—————————————————
Conversation 2:

A: なかさんはどこにいますか。
A: Where is Mr. Tanaka?

B: きょうしつにいます。
B: Mr. Tanaka is in the classroom.


②「Nがあります」「Nがいます」can be used to express “have”.
—————————————————

A: 質問しつもんがありますか。
A: Do you have any questions?

B: ありません。
A: No, I don’t.

—————————————————

かねがありません。
I don’t have money.

どもがいます。
I have kids.

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5 thoughts on “Lesson 6: NounにNounがあります/います

  1. What’s the difference between NにNがあります and NはNにあります?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      NにNがあります:emphasize the N before が
      NはNにあります:emphasize Nにあります
      You will learn the difference between が and は in particle course. No worries.

      9+

  2. I think 家に犬がいます means “There is a dog at home”
    “I have a dog at home ” is 私は家に犬を飼っています

    1+

  3. For 公園に木があります, is there any way to easily tell if it’s “There are trees in the park” vs “There is a tree in the park?”

    1+

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Use Counter.
      公園に何本の木があります
      公園に一本の木があります

      2+

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