Basic Expression Course

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Basic Course
  • 8 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Basic Expression Course

Lesson 4: Nounでした/Nounではありませんでした

In this lesson, I will teach you how to describe things in past tense.


[Noun] + でしたI was [Noun].
It was [Noun].
[Noun] + でwaありませんでしたI was not [Noun].
It was not [Noun].
[Noun 1] wa [Noun 2] でした[Noun 1] was [Noun 2].
[Noun 1] wa [Noun 2] でwaありませんでした[Noun 1] was not [Noun 2].

Example Sentences:

I was a doctor before.

It was not a department store before.

It was a sunny day in Tokyo.

It was a hospital before.

My father was an actor.
Lunch was not curry.


①If you know what Noun 1 is, you may omit “Noun 1は/が”. Especially, it is often omitted in the answer to the question.

A: きのうはやすみでしたか。
A: Was it a day off yesterday?

B: いいえ、やすみでwaありませんでした。
B: No, it was not a day off yesterday.

②You can also use 「Noun + でwaなかったです」 to replace 「Noun + でwaありませんでした」. They are interchangeable.

③In spoken Japanese,you can use 「Noun + じゃありませんでした」 to replace 「Noun + でwaありませんでした」, and you can use 「Noun + じゃなかったです」 to replace 「Noun + でwaなかったです」.

④This lesson is for noun-only, you can learn how to use adjectives in Adjective Course.

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