Particle Course

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JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
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Particle Course

Case particle 9:で

Function 1: the place or range where the action happens

Example:

学校がっこう日本語にほんご勉強べんきょうする。

I learn Japanese in school.

 

Explanation:

“school” is the place where the action“learn”happens.

 

Function 2: the limit of time

Example:

明日あした午前ごぜんちゅう完成かんせいしてください。

Please finish it before tomorrow morning.

 

Explanation:

“tomorrow morning” is the limit of time.

 

Function 3: the range of time

Example:

この仕事しごと三日みっか完成かんせいできます。

This work can be done in three days.

 

Explanation:

“three days” is the range of time.

 

Function 4: the situation of action

Example:

わたし一人ひとりんでいます。

I live by myself.

 

Explanation:

“by myself” is the situation of action(live).

 

Function 5: something you use to finish the action

Example:

このぺんでく。

I use this pen to write.

 

Explanation:

“pen” is something you use when you “write”.

 

Function 6: the reason

Example:

かれびょうやすみました。

He had a rest because of the illness.

 

Explanation:

“illness” is the reason he “had a rest”.

 

Note:

に is the place something exists,or the place you arrive at.

But で is the place the action happens(you take some actions here),DO NOT confuse them.

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