Verb Course

Admin bar avatar
Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
Free
  • 15 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Verb Course

Te Form

In this lesson,I will teach you how to convert Japanese verbs to Te Form.


What does Te Form Mean?

Te form means “please xxx”,For example,べて means “Please eat”.

Note:
①〜て is not polite enough to use to your superiors (it’s okay to use it to your friends and subordinates), instead, you can use
〜ていただけますか to your superiors.
②There are other usages of Te Form,I will explain them in the grammar lessons.

Type-1 Verb

PatternHow to convert?
○う、○つ、○るchange う/つ/る to  って.

Examples:

う→って  
(Meaning: to meet)

つ→って 
  (Meaning: to beat)

やる→やって 
  (Meaning: to do)
○く, ○ぐchange く to いて, change ぐ to  いで.

Examples:

く→いて 
  (Meaning: to write)

ぐ→いで 
  (Meaning: to smell)
○ぬ、○ぶ、○むchange ぬ/ぶ/む to  んで.

Examples:

ぬ→んで 
  (Meaning: to die)

ぶ→んで 
  (Meaning: to call)

む→んで 
  (Meaning: to read)
xx-すchange す to  して.

Examples:

す→して 
  (Meaning: to press)

はなす→はなして  
(Meaning: to talk)

こわす→こわして  
(Meaning: to break)
行く(the only exception)く→って 
  (Meaning: to go)

Type-2 Verb & Type-3 Verb & Irregular Verb

Verb TypeHow to convert?
Type-2 VerbChange る to て.

Examples:

べる→べて 
  (Meaning: to eat)

りる→りて 
  (Meaning: to get down)

きる→きて 
  (Meaning: to wake up)
Type-3 VerbChange する to して.

Examples:

べんきょうする→べんきょうして   (Meaning: to learn)

結婚けっこんする→結婚けっこんして   (Meaning: to marry)

連絡れんらくする→連絡れんらくして   (Meaning: to come through)
Irregular Verbする → して 
  (Meaning: to do)

る → て 
  (Meaning: to come)

Negative Te Form:

If you want to convert Te Form to Negative Te Form, you can convert the verb to Negative Form, and add で in the end.

Examples:

って→会わないで

べて→食べないで

べんきょうして→勉強しないで

Example Sentences:

ドアをけて。
Please open the door.

ひるべて。
Please have lunch.

すうがくべんきょうして。
Please learn math.

学校がっこうかないで。
Please don’t go to school.

ほんまないで。
Please don’t read books.

Below is a nice song to help you remember Te Form.

124+
avataravataravataravataravataravataravataravataravatar

25 thoughts on “Te Form

  1. Is there a way to remember which verbs are which て form, or is it just a memorization thing?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      You can classify the pattern by the hiragana in the end of the verb.If the verb is xx-う,like 会う(あう),買(か)うthen the Te form should be 会って,買って.

      0

    2. ありがとうございます!

      0

    3. Admin bar avatar

      You are welcome!

      0

  2. How is Polite Form different from Te Form? I mean, isnt Te form quite “polite” too? (“please”)

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      I answered your question below the table of this lesson. You can refer it, if you have further questions, just let me know.

      0

    2. Ah it takes time but I think I got the idea. I will take a look at Imperative Form later and refer to this again I guess.

      0

  3. ドアを開けてください。Does this also work?
    ドアを開けていただけませんか。And isn’t ません negative form?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      ドアを開けてください ✓
      ドアを開けていただけませんか。you see か in the end, so it’s a question. question+negative=positive.

      0

  4. You made a mistake with the number of the parts.

    In the section about the u-verbs, there are 5 cases (1st: u-verbs ending with う, つ, る; 2nd: u-verbs ending with く, ぐ; 3rd: u-verbs ending with ぬ, ぶ, む; 4th: u-verbs ending with す; 5th: exception) altogether, including the exception. You marked the second case (u-verbs ending with く, ぐ) as #1 again.

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      I corrected it already! Thanks for the info! (Because I just copied the similar part to save time)

      0

  5. So, what’s the real difference between the verbal form て and the question with てください??? is one more polite than the other or what?
    Thanks in advance!!

    0

  6. oh, I find it easy. It’s similar to the past tense.

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Yes!

      0

  7. Found a nice song to help us remember 😀 : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cj-P-nEPoe0

    2+

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Added the video to the lesson already! Nice video!

      1+

  8. Is it correct to say 本 を よまないで です か。As in “Do you not read books?”

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      It should be 本を読まないですか

      1+

  9. I tried to take the (て form) part of the quiz but what makes me difficult is the る part because the formula has two っ て and て, so when do we use っ て and て correctly?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      check out the hiragana before る.
      If it’s i-column(い、き、に…)or e-column,then it’s て. other situations, it’s って
      I think you’d better review the lesson for Te Form, I explained it in detail in that lesson.

      1+

  10. i got it now, thank you

    0

  11. 0.0 i fell in love with the voice singing the て form in the video. lmao
    Thanks so much Marshall 😀

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Glad you like it😆

      0

  12. hey I have this question so I scrolled down the comments to see if someone already asked the question and that was the case. ichirou2910 asked if the te form was polite and you said that you left a note below the table of this lesson but I can’t seem to find your answer so I was wondering where it would be?
    thank you!

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Te form is not very polite if you use て alone, for example, 食べて.
      But you can use if you use て+いただけますか, for example, 食べていただけますか
      ~ていただけます is a grammar rule.

      0

Leave a Reply