Verb Course

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JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
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Verb Course

Te Form

In this lesson,I will teach you how to convert Japanese verbs to Te Form.

What Does Te Form Mean?

Te form means “please xxx”,For example,べて means “Please eat”
there are other uses of Te form,I will explain it in the future lessons,but for now,you can remember it like that.


How to change Japanese Verbs to Te Form?


If the verb is a u-verb, you can change it to Te Form like below.

Check the hiragana in the end of the verb.
①If the verb is like xx-う、xx-つ、xx-る,just change う/つ/る to  って.
For example,
う→って   (Meaning: to meet)
つ→って   (Meaning: to beat)
やる→やって   (Meaning: to do)
②If the verb is like xx-く, xx-ぐ,just change く to いて, change ぐ to  いで.
For example,
く→いて   (Meaning: to write)
ぐ→いで   (Meaning: to smell)
③If the verb is like xx-ぬ、xx-ぶ、xx-む,just change ぬ/ぶ/む to  んで.
For example,
ぬ→んで   (Meaning: to die)
ぶ→んで   (Meaning: to call)
む→んで   (Meaning: to read)
④If the verb is like xx-す just change す to  して.
For example,
す→して   (Meaning: to press)
はなす→はなして   (Meaning: to talk)
こわす→かわして   (Meaning: to break)
く→って   (Meaning: to go)
(This is the only exception, no worries!)



If the verb is a ru-verb, you can change it to Te Form like this.
Change る to て.
That’s it!
For example,
べる→べて   (Meaning: to eat)
りる→りて   (Meaning: to get down)
きる→きて   (Meaning: to wake up)


If the verb is suru-verb, you can change it to Te Form like this.
Change する to して.
That’s it!
For example,
べんきょうする→べんきょうして   (Meaning: to learn)
結婚けっこんする→結婚けっこんして   (Meaning: to marry)
連絡れんらくする→連絡れんらくして   (Meaning: to come through)


If the verb is special verb, you can change it to Te Form like this.
Change する to して   (Meaning: to do)
Change る to て   (Meaning: to come)




Question: How is Polite Form different from Te Form? I mean, isn’t Te form quite “polite” too? (“please”)

Answer: Te Form itself often used to ask somebody to do something.

For example:

Please open the door.


And the “please” is just for making requests. Te Form itself is not as polite as you think. It’s often used between friends.  If you want to be more polite, you can use:

Could you please open the door?

But Polite Form itself doesn’t have this function.(Making requests).

I will open the door.


12 thoughts on “Te Form

    1. Admin bar avatar

      You can classify the pattern by the hiragana in the end of the verb.If the verb is xx-う,like 会う(あう),買(か)うthen the Te form should be 会って,買って.

  1. ドアを開けてください。Does this also work?
    ドアを開けていただけませんか。And isn’t ません negative form?

  2. You made a mistake with the number of the parts.

    In the section about the u-verbs, there are 5 cases (1st: u-verbs ending with う, つ, る; 2nd: u-verbs ending with く, ぐ; 3rd: u-verbs ending with ぬ, ぶ, む; 4th: u-verbs ending with す; 5th: exception) altogether, including the exception. You marked the second case (u-verbs ending with く, ぐ) as #1 again.

  3. So, what’s the real difference between the verbal form て and the question with てください??? is one more polite than the other or what?
    Thanks in advance!!

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