Verb Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
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  • 96 week duration

Verb Course

Te Form

In this lesson,I will teach you how to convert Japanese verbs to Te Form.

What does Te Form Mean?

Te form means “please xxx”,For example,べて means “Please eat”.

Note: There are other usages of Te Form,I will explain them in the grammar lessons.


type-one verb

If the verb is a type-one verb, you can change it to Te Form like below.

PatternHow to convert?
○う、○つ、○るchange う/つ/る to  って.

Examples:
う→って  
(Meaning: to meet)
つ→って 
  (Meaning: to beat)
やる→やって 
  (Meaning: to do)
○く, ○ぐchange く to いて, change ぐ to  いで.

Examples:
く→いて 
  (Meaning: to write)
ぐ→いで 
  (Meaning: to smell)
○ぬ、○ぶ、○むchange ぬ/ぶ/む to  んで.

Examples:
ぬ→んで 
  (Meaning: to die)
ぶ→んで 
  (Meaning: to call)
む→んで 
  (Meaning: to read)
xx-すchange す to  して.

Examples:
す→して 
  (Meaning: to press)
はなす→はなして  
(Meaning: to talk)
こわす→かわして  
(Meaning: to break)
 
行く(the only exception)く→って 
  (Meaning: to go)

type-two verb & type-three verb & irregular verb

Verb TypeHow to convert?
type-two verbChange る to て.

Examples:
べる→べて 
  (Meaning: to eat)
りる→りて 
  (Meaning: to get down)
きる→きて 
  (Meaning: to wake up)
type-three verbChange する to して.

Examples:
べんきょうする→べんきょうして   (Meaning: to learn)
結婚けっこんする→結婚けっこんして   (Meaning: to marry)
連絡れんらくする→連絡れんらくして   (Meaning: to come through)
irregular verbする → して 
  (Meaning: to do)
る → て 
  (Meaning: to come)

Negative Te Form:

If you want to convert Te Form to Negative Te Form, you can convert the verb to Negative Form, and add で in the end.

Examples:
って→会わないで
べて→食べないで
べんきょうして→勉強しないで


Example Sentences:

JapaneseEnglish
ドアをけて。Please open the door.
ひるべて。Please have lunch.
すうがくべんきょうして。Please learn math.
学校がっこうかないで。Please don’t go to school.
ほんまないで。
Please don’t read books.

Below is a nice song to help you remember Te Form.

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18 thoughts on “Te Form

  1. Is there a way to remember which verbs are which て form, or is it just a memorization thing?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      You can classify the pattern by the hiragana in the end of the verb.If the verb is xx-う,like 会う(あう),買(か)うthen the Te form should be 会って,買って.

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    2. ありがとうございます!

      0

    3. Admin bar avatar

      You are welcome!

      0

  2. How is Polite Form different from Te Form? I mean, isnt Te form quite “polite” too? (“please”)

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      I answered your question below the table of this lesson. You can refer it, if you have further questions, just let me know.

      0

    2. Ah it takes time but I think I got the idea. I will take a look at Imperative Form later and refer to this again I guess.

      0

  3. ドアを開けてください。Does this also work?
    ドアを開けていただけませんか。And isn’t ません negative form?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      ドアを開けてください ✓
      ドアを開けていただけませんか。you see か in the end, so it’s a question. question+negative=positive.

      0

  4. You made a mistake with the number of the parts.

    In the section about the u-verbs, there are 5 cases (1st: u-verbs ending with う, つ, る; 2nd: u-verbs ending with く, ぐ; 3rd: u-verbs ending with ぬ, ぶ, む; 4th: u-verbs ending with す; 5th: exception) altogether, including the exception. You marked the second case (u-verbs ending with く, ぐ) as #1 again.

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      I corrected it already! Thanks for the info! (Because I just copied the similar part to save time)

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  5. So, what’s the real difference between the verbal form て and the question with てください??? is one more polite than the other or what?
    Thanks in advance!!

    0

  6. oh, I find it easy. It’s similar to the past tense.

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Yes!

      0

  7. Found a nice song to help us remember 😀 : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cj-P-nEPoe0

    2+

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Added the video to the lesson already! Nice video!

      1+

  8. Is it correct to say 本 を よまないで です か。As in “Do you not read books?”

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      It should be 本を読まないですか

      1+

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