Verb Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
Free
  • 23 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Verb Course

Te Form

In this lesson,I will teach you how to convert Japanese verbs to Te Form.

What does Te Form Mean?

Te form means “please xxx”,For example,べて means “Please eat”.

Note: There are other usages of Te Form,I will explain them in the grammar lessons.


type-one verb

If the verb is a type-one verb, you can change it to Te Form like below.

PatternHow to convert?
○う、○つ、○るchange う/つ/る to  って.

Examples:
う→って  
(Meaning: to meet)
つ→って 
  (Meaning: to beat)
やる→やって 
  (Meaning: to do)
○く, ○ぐchange く to いて, change ぐ to  いで.

Examples:
く→いて 
  (Meaning: to write)
ぐ→いで 
  (Meaning: to smell)
○ぬ、○ぶ、○むchange ぬ/ぶ/む to  んで.

Examples:
ぬ→んで 
  (Meaning: to die)
ぶ→んで 
  (Meaning: to call)
む→んで 
  (Meaning: to read)
xx-すchange す to  して.

Examples:
す→して 
  (Meaning: to press)
はなす→はなして  
(Meaning: to talk)
こわす→かわして  
(Meaning: to break)
 
行く(the only exception)く→って 
  (Meaning: to go)

type-two verb & type-three verb & irregular verb

Verb TypeHow to convert?
type-two verbChange る to て.

Examples:
べる→べて 
  (Meaning: to eat)
りる→りて 
  (Meaning: to get down)
きる→きて 
  (Meaning: to wake up)
type-three verbChange する to して.

Examples:
べんきょうする→べんきょうして   (Meaning: to learn)
結婚けっこんする→結婚けっこんして   (Meaning: to marry)
連絡れんらくする→連絡れんらくして   (Meaning: to come through)
irregular verbする → して 
  (Meaning: to do)
る → て 
  (Meaning: to come)

Negative Te Form:

If you want to convert Te Form to Negative Te Form, you can convert the verb to Negative Form, and add で in the end.

Examples:
って→会わないで
べて→食べないで
べんきょうして→勉強しないで


Example Sentences:

JapaneseEnglish
ドアをけて。Please open the door.
ひるべて。Please have lunch.
すうがくべんきょうして。Please learn math.
学校がっこうかないで。Please don’t go to school.
ほんまないで。
Please don’t read books.

Below is a nice song to help you remember Te Form.

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