Verb Course

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JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
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Verb Course

Past Tense Form

In this lesson,I will teach you how to convert Japanese verbs to Past Tense Form.



If the verb is a u-verb, you can change it to Past Tense Form like below.

Check the hiragana in the end of the verb.
①If the verb is like xx-う、xx-つ、xx-る,just change う/つ/る to  った.
For example,
う→った   (Meaning: to meet)
つ→った   (Meaning: to beat)
やる→やった   (Meaning: to do)
②If the verb is like xx-く, xx-ぐ,just change く to いた, change ぐ to  いだ.
For example,
く→いた   (Meaning: to write)
ぐ→いだ   (Meaning: to smell)
③If the verb is like xx-ぬ、xx-ぶ、xx-む,just change ぬ/ぶ/む to  んだ.
For example,
ぬ→んだ   (Meaning: to die)
ぶ→んだ   (Meaning: to call)
む→んだ   (Meaning: to read)
④If the verb is like xx-す just change す to  した.
For example,
す→した   (Meaning: to press)
はなす→はなした   (Meaning: to talk)
こわす→かわした   (Meaning: to break)
く→った   (Meaning: to go)
(This is the only exception, no worries!)


If the verb is a ru-verb, you can change it to Past Tense Form like this.
Change る to た.
That’s it!
For example,
べる→べた   (Meaning: to eat)
りる→りた   (Meaning: to get down)
きる→きた   (Meaning: to wake up)


If the verb is suru-verb, you can change it to Past Tense Form like this.
Change する to した.
That’s it!
For example,
べんきょうする→べんきょうした   (Meaning: to learn)
結婚けっこんする→結婚けっこんした   (Meaning: to marry)
連絡れんらくする→連絡れんらくした   (Meaning: to come through)


If the verb is special verb, you can change it to Past Tense Form like this.
Change する to した   (Meaning: to do)
Change る to た   (Meaning: to come)


19 thoughts on “Past Tense Form

    1. Admin bar avatar

      To be honest, it’s not something to “understand”, it’s a rule to “remember”, just remember that when you find the verb like xx-す, then past tense will be xx-した. It’s just like “I cannot understand why like became liked”, no one knows, but we use it everyday.

  1. I don’t quite get the other u-rule verbs 😓 like 会うchanges to 会った while 書く changes to 書いた
    う=った and く= いた 🤷🏻‍♀️ I don’t quite get how did it change to that same goes to the other u-verbs that doesn’t ends with う

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Just change it based on the hiragana in the end. If you saw a verb like xx-く,and you want to change it to past tense form, just change く to いた, and that’s all.

      1. There are segments of each explanation of how to convert different verbs to them to past tense.

        The first segment is the u-verbs.
        Within this segment there are u-verbs which have different hiragana endings, thus different rules apply to each group.

        You mention the first group of u-verbs (marked #1): these ones end with う, つ or る and there are the rules on how to convert them etc.

        Then you bring up the second group (here’s the mistake as you marked this one as #1 again): these ones end with く or ぐ and the rules on how to convert them etc.

        The next group is marked with #3 as supposed to be.

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