Verb Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
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  • 96 week duration

Verb Course

How to classify Japanese Verbs?

In this lesson, I will teach you how to classify Japanese Verbs.

Japanese has four verb types:
①type-one verb(aka godan verb),
②type-two verb(aka ichidan verb),
③type-three verb(aka suru-verb),
④irregular verb.

You may ask: how do I find out a verb’s type?
No worries, I will teach you in this lesson.

Question 1:What is type-one verb?

If the verb is something like below, then it is a type-one verb.
Note: ◯ stands for kanji, hiragana or a mixture of hiragana and kanji.

PatternExamples
○うう→ to meet,う→to buy
○くく→ to write,く→to go
○ぐぐ→to smell,およぐ→to swim
○すす→to push,ころす→to kill
○つつ→to hit,つ→to wait
○ぬぬ→to die
○ぶぶ→to call,ぶ→to fly
○むむ→to drink,む→to read
PatternNoteExamples
○るthe hiragana next to る is in the a-column(あ、か、さ、…わ)やる→to do
る→to leave
○るthe hiragana next to る is in the o-column(お、こ、そ…).る→to fold
いのる→to pray

Question 2:What is the type-two verb?

If the verb is something like below,Then,this verb is a type-two verb.

PatternNoteExamples
○るthe hiragana next to る is in the i-column(い、き、し…).る→to see
りる→to get off
○るthe hiragana next to る is in the e-column(え、け、せ…).べる→eat
える→get cold

Question 3:What is the type-three verb?

If the verb is something like below,Then this verb is a type-three verb.

PatternExamples
Two or more Kanji + するべんきょうする→to learn
成功せいこうする→be successful
one kanji + するさっする→sympathize
せっする→to touch

Question 4:What is irregular verb

There are two irregular verbs in Japanese,る and する.
Their rules are irregular, but they are easy to remember.


Exceptions:

The table below are 26 type-one verbs that look like type-two verb.

Tip: You don’t need to remember them all at once, it’s not effective.
Just remember them when you met them.
Some of them are often used so it won’t be hard for you to remember.
JapaneseReadingEnglish
帰るかえるto return
切るきるto cut
減るへるto decrease
要るいるneed
知るしるto know
走るはしるto run
入るはいるto come in
返るかえるto return
滑るすべるto slip
参るまいるto come、to go
混じるまじるto mix
握るにぎるto squeeze
煎るいるto roast
練るねるto knead
散るちるto scatter
照るてるto shine
蹴るけるto kick
焦るあせるto be in a hurry
限るかぎるto limit
湿るしめるto damp
茂るしげるto grow thick
遮るさえぎるto obstruct
罵るののしるto abuse
嘲るあざけるto ridicule
漲るみなぎるto be full of water
覆るくつがえるto overturn

Note:

In the next section, you will learn to convert Japanese verbs to different forms. It seems that there are a lot of different forms. But only four forms are really important: the polite, past tense, negative, and Te forms. If you don’t want to learn all forms at once, be sure to master these four first, and feel free to come back and refer to other forms when you met them.

By the way, you can find a verb conjugation test in the nav menu [Quiz].
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5 thoughts on “How to classify Japanese Verbs?

  1. Are these two irregular verbs and the 26 exceptions to rule 2 the only such verbs in Japanese language? Or are they only the most common?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      only them, no more

      2+

    2. Thank you!

      0

  2. Is it cool if atm I ignore the kanji and stick to hiragana while learning these verbs? I’m still a beginner and they seem kind of intimidating and hard to remember.

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Yes! Just ignore the kanji!

      1+

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