The Shepherd Boy and The Wolf

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Marshall
Reading Course
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  • 10 lessons
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  • 96 week duration

Part 4

The sentence below is what we need to learn in this lesson.

主人しゅじんおおかみひつじおそってきたらたすべ、そうしたら村人むらびとたちおおかみはらうから、しょうねんってありました。

Before you learn the sentence, let us learn the vocabulary first.

Note: The blue kanji is clickable, will redirect you to the kanji page in a new tab.

WordMeaning
ひつじflock of sheep
おそto attack
たすhelp
Command Form of 呼ぶ
そうしたらThen
むらびとvillager
村人むらびとたちvillagers
はらto drive away
to say

How to read this sentence step by step?

Step 1: Find the subject/topic of this sentence by the particle は or が.

In this sentence, 主人しゅじん is the topic.
Step 2: Find the verb of this sentence. (Usually, the verb is in the end of the sentence.)

In this sentence, ってありました is the verb.
(Meaning: to say.)
てある:the result of actions still works. (Here, it means that what master said still works.)
Step 3: Find the object of this verb by particle を.

There is no を here. But you can find に, Person + に + う means “say something to someone”.
Step 4: Combine everything we find in the steps above.

主人しゅじんは、しょうねんってありました。
The master said to this boy.
Step 5: Figure out the “sub part” of this sentence.

おおかみひつじれをおそってきたらたすけをべ、そうしたら村人むらびとたちがおおかみはらうから、と…
just call for help if the wolves come and attack the flock of sheep, because then the villagers will drive away the wolves.

The と in the end means “quote something”. In this sentence, it quotes what the master said to the boy.

〜たら: if…
〜から: because

Just in case you want to review the grammar rules, below is a table to help you.

Grammar RuleExplanation
〜てくるsomething come towards you.
〜からbecause
〜てあるthe result of actions still works. (Here, it means that what master said still works.)

主人しゅじんおおかみひつじおそってきたらたすべ、そうしたら村人むらびとたちおおかみはらうから、しょうねんってありました。
The master said to the boy that just call for help if the wolves come and attack the flock of sheep, because then the villagers will drive away the wolves.

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