Japanese Learning

N5 Grammar 2:~中(ちゅう)

Usage 1:

Noun + ちゅう

Meaning:
in the middle of doing something

Example of Usage 1:

わたしはいまごとちゅうです。
I am in the middle of the work now.

Voice:

There are some useful phrases below:

JapaneseEnglish
運転(うんてん)中in the middle of driving
お話(はな)し中in the middle of talking
会議(かいぎ)中in the middle of meeting
営業(えいぎょう)中be open(shop, etc)
検討(けんとう)中be under consideration
工事(こうじ)中be under construction
出張(しゅっちょう)中be away on business
食事(しょくじ)中in the middle of eating
調査(ちょうさ)中be under investigation
電話(でんわ)中in the middle of talking on the phone
勉強(べんきょう)中be learning
休(やす)み中 in the middle of vacation

Usage 2:

Time + ちゅう

Meaning:
by the end of…

Example of Usage 2:

三月さんがつちゅう
by the end of March

ぜんちゅう
by the end of morning

今月こんげつちゅう
by the end of this month

Exception:

今日きょうじゅう
by the end of today

こんしゅうちゅうこんしゅうじゅう
by the end of this week

Usage 3:

Place + ちゅう

Meaning:
in the [place]

Example of Usage 3:

すいちゅう
in the water
 
くうちゅう
in the air

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