The Shepherd Boy and The Wolf

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Marshall
Reading Course
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Part 5

The sentence below is what we need to learn in this lesson.

そこで、いまおおかみらしいものなにえなくて
も、しょうねんこえかぎりに「おおかみだ!おおかみだ!」さけんでむらほうはしっていきました。

Before you learn the sentence, let us learn the vocabulary first.

Note: The blue kanji is clickable, will redirect you to the kanji page in a new tab.

WordMeaning
そこでTherefore
いまnow
ものthing
to see
こえvoice
さけんでTe Form of 叫ぶ (to call)
むらほうthe direction of village
はしto run

How to read this sentence step by step?

Step 1: Find the subject/topic of this sentence by the particle は or が.

In this sentence, the topic is しょうねん
Step 2: Find the verb of this sentence. (Usually, the verb is in the end of the sentence.)

In this sentence, the verb is はしっていきました
(Meaning: to run toward)
Step 3: Find the object of this verb by particle を.

There is no を. But we found へ. It’s used to mark the direction that the boy ran toward.
So the verb’s direction is むらほう
Step 4: Combine everything we find in the steps above.

しょうねんむらほうはしっていきました。
The boy ran toward the direction of village.
Step 5: Figure out the “sub part” of this sentence.

そこで、いまおおかみらしいものはなにえなくても、しょうねんこえかぎりに「おおかみだ!おおかみだ!」とさけんでむらほうはしっていきました。
Therefore, although the boy can’t see anything that looks like wolves, he called at the top of his voice that “It’s the wolf, it’s the wolf!” and ran toward the direction of village.

Note:
1.と can be used to quote something. So 「おおかみだ!おおかみだ!」とさけんで quotes “what the boy is calling”.
2.the Te Form can be used to express “the statement when you do something”. Here, さけんで means that the boy was running and at the same time, he was calling.

Just in case you want to review the particle and grammar rules, below is a table to help you.

WordExplanation
to, toward
〜らしいmeans “look like”.
So おおかみらしいもの means “things that look like wolves”
なにも〜ないused to completely neglect something.
〜てもalthough
〜をかぎりにmeans “at the top of”
So こえかぎりに means “at the top of his voice”
〜ていくgo toward….〜ていきます is the polite form of 〜ていく,〜ていきました is the past tense form of 〜ていきます

そこで、いまおおかみらしいものなにえなくて
も、しょうねんこえかぎりに「おおかみだ!おおかみだ!」さけんでむらほうはしっていきました。
Therefore, although the boy can’t see anything that looks like wolves, he called at the top of his voice that “It’s the wolf, it’s the wolf!” and ran toward the direction of village.

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2 thoughts on “Part 5

  1. そこで、今狼らしいものは何も見えなくても. What does は act in this sentence? Wouldn’t it cause 狼らしいもの to become subject? Can I use を instead of it?

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      狼らしいもの is not subject, it’s topic.

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