The Shepherd Boy and The Wolf

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Marshall
Reading Course
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  • 10 lessons
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  • 96 week duration

Part 2

The sentences below are what we need to learn in this lesson.

やがて牧草ぼくそうごすのがとても退屈たいくつなりました。

気晴きばらしできることいぬはなしかけるかひつじふえくことだけでした。

Before you learn the sentence, let us learn the vocabulary first.

Note: The blue kanji is clickable, will redirect you to the kanji page in a new tab.

WordMeaning
やがてsoon
ぼくそうgrassland
ごすto spend time
とてもvery
退屈たいくつboring
なるto become
きばらしにできるcan refresh
ことthings
いぬdog
はなしかけるto talk to
ふえflute
ふえto play the flute
だけonly

How to read the first sentence step by step?

やがて牧草ぼくそうごすのがとても退屈たいくつなりました。

Step 1: Find the subject/topic of this sentence by the particle は or が.

In this sentence, the subject is ごすの.
Step 2: Find the verb of this sentence. (Usually, the verb is in the end of the sentence.)

In this sentence, the verb is なりました.
(Meaning: to become)
Step 3: Find the object of this verb by particle を.

Oops! There is no を here. Don’t worry. This is because the verb なる is not a transitive verb, so you can’t use を. Instead, you should use に to express the change of the statement.

So in this sentence, the statement is 退屈たいくつ
Step 4: Combine everything we find in the steps above.

ごすのが退屈たいくつになりました。
spending time became very boring.

Now you find the “main part” of this sentence. Congratulations!
Step 5: Figure out the “sub part” of this sentence.

やがて means “soon”, it’s an adv.
牧草ぼくそう means “grassland”, it’s a place, and there is a で here.
If you have learned Particle Course before, you will know that で is used to express the place where something happens.
So ごす is happened in grassland.

とても means “very”, it’s an adv.

So the whole sentence will be

やがて牧草ぼくそうごすのがとても退屈たいくつになりました。
Soon, spending time in grassland became very boring.

How to read the second sentence step by step?

気晴きばらしできることいぬはなしかけるかひつじふえくことだけでした。

Step 1: Find the subject/topic of this sentence by the particle は or が.

In this sentence, the topic is 気晴きばらしにできること.
Step 2: Find the verb of this sentence. (Usually, the verb is in the end of the sentence.)

In this sentence, the verb is でした.
(Meaning: was)
Step 3: Find the object of this verb by particle を.

Oops! There is no を here. No worries. It’s because でした is a “be” verb. So only thing we need to do is to find the noun before it.

In this sentence, the noun is いぬはなしかけるかひつじいのふえくこと. (The か after はなしかける means “or”.)
Step 4: Combine everything we find in the steps above.

気晴きばらしにできることは、いぬはなしかけるかひつじいのふえくことでした。
Something like talking to the dog or playing the shepherd flute can refresh the boy.

Now you find the “main part” of this sentence. Congratulations!
Step 5: Figure out the “sub part” of this sentence.
だけ means “only”.

So the whole sentence will be

気晴きばらしにできることは、いぬはなしかけるかひつじいのふえくことだけでした。
Only something like talking to the dog or playing the shepherd flute can refresh the boy.

Just in case you want to review the particles, below is a table to help you.

ParticleExplanation
to convert a verb to a noun.
So 牧草地で過ごすの acts as a noun here.
Express that the noun before it is the subject.
So 牧草地で過ごすの is the subject.
Because なる(means “to become”) is an intransitive verb, you can’t use を in 退屈たいくつになりました. Instead you need to use に to express the statement.
か means “or”.
So 犬に話しかけるか羊飼いの笛を吹くこと means “Talking to the dog or playing the shepherd flute”.
(こと is used to convert a verb to a noun.)

Summary:

やがて牧草ぼくそうごすのがとても退屈たいくつなりました。
気晴きばらしできることいぬはなしかけるかひつじふえくことだけでした。

Soon, spending time in grassland became very boring.
Only something like talking to the dog or playing the shepherd flute can refresh the boy.

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