Sentence Structure Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
Free
  • 5 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Sentence Structure Course

Lesson 5: Existence Sentence

In this lesson, I will teach you the last sentence structure: Existence Sentence.


Existence Sentence is sentence like below:

Topic(person or animal) + + Place + + います

Topic(thing) + + Place + + あります

JapaneseEnglish
わたしきょうしついます。I’m in the classroom.
かれイギリスいます。He is in England.
彼女かのじょコンビニいます。She is in the convenience store.
ほんデスクうえあります。The book is on the desk.

Explanation:

In this sentence:
きょうしつ and デスクのうえ are places.
②に is the particle that is used to mark the place where somebody or something exists.

Dimensions:

Below is an image to help you make sentences with three Japanese sentence dimensions.


Examples:

JapaneseEnglish
かれはここいなかった。He was not here.
風呂ふろありませんでした。There was no bathroom.
かれここいません。They’re not here.
パソコン学校がっこうあります。The computer is at school.
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