Sentence Structure Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
Free
  • 5 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Sentence Structure Course

Lesson 3: Verb-predicate Sentence

In this lesson, I will teach you the second sentence structure: Verb-predicate Sentence.


Verb-predicate Sentence is something like below:

Topic + は + Noun + を + transitive verb
Topic + は + intransitive verb

JapaneseEnglish
わたしバナナべました。I ate a banana.
かれゲームやっている。He is playing games.
彼女かのじょている。She is sleeping.
かれっている。They are standing.

Explanation:

In the first sentence:
①バナナ is the object of the transitive verb べる.
②を is used to tell people that the noun before it, is the object.
べました is the verb, and of course, is the predicate.

In the third sentence:
る is intransitive verb, and of course, is the predicate.

Dimensions:

Below are two images to help you make sentences with three Japanese sentence dimensions.

Present Tense

Past Tense

Examples:

JapaneseEnglish
スカートいました。
I bought a skirt.
かれみつはなしませんでした。He didn’t tell us the secret.
彼女かのじょジュースんだ。She drank the juice.
わたしたちすわっている。We are sitting
かれはなしている。They are talking.
10+
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