Sentence Structure Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
Free
  • 5 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Sentence Structure Course

Lesson 2: Noun-predicate Sentence

In this lesson, I will teach you the first sentence structure: Noun-predicate Sentence.


Noun-predicate Sentence is sentence like below:
Topic + は + Noun + だ/です

JapaneseEnglish
わたしトムだ。I’m Tom.
わたしトムです。I’m Tom.
かれわたし先生せんせいです。He is my teacher.
彼女かのじょわたしあねです。She is my elder sister.

Explanation:

In this sentence:
わたし is the topic.
②トムだ/トムです is the predicate.

Note: You need to use the auxiliary verb だ/です at the end of noun-predicates to assert the whole sentence. です is more polite than だ.
On the other hand, adjectives and verbs themselves have the function of asserting sentences.

Dimensions:

Below is an image to help you make sentences with three Japanese sentence dimensions.

Note:wa is more formal than じゃ, じゃ is often used in oral Japanese.

Examples:

JapaneseEnglish
かれわたし友達ともだちです。He is my friend.
彼女かのじょわたしいもうとではありません。She is not my younger sister.
これわたしぺんじゃない。It’s not my pen.
このおんなわたし彼女かのじょでした。This girl was my girlfriend.
かれ歌手かしゅではありませんでした。He was not a singer.
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