Sentence Structure Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
Free
  • 5 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Sentence Structure Course

Lesson 2: Noun-predicate Sentence

In this lesson, I will teach you the first sentence structure: Noun-predicate Sentence.


Noun-predicate Sentence is sentence like below:
Topic + は + Noun + だ/です

わたしはトムだ。
I’m Tom.

わたしはトムです。
I’m Tom.

かれわたし先生せんせいです。
He is my teacher.

彼女かのじょわたしあねです。
She is my elder sister.

Explanation:

In this sentence:
わたし is the topic.
②トムだ/トムです is the predicate.

Notes:
①You need to use the auxiliary verb だ/です at the end of noun-predicates to assert the whole sentence.
②です is more polite than だ.
③On the other hand, adjectives and verbs themselves have the function of asserting sentences.

Dimensions:

Below is an image to help you make sentences with three Japanese sentence dimensions.

Note:wa is more formal than じゃ, じゃ is often used in oral Japanese.

Examples:

かれわたし友達ともだちです。
He is my friend.

彼女かのじょわたしいもうとではありません。
She is not my younger sister.

これはわたしのぺんじゃない。
It’s not my pen.

このおんなわたし彼女かのじょでした。
This girl was my girlfriend.

かれ歌手かしゅではありませんでした。
He was not a singer.
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