- 10 lessons
- 0 quizzes
- 96 week duration
The sentence below is what we need to learn in this lesson.
Before you learn the sentence, let us learn the vocabulary first.
Note: The blue kanji is clickable, will redirect you to the kanji page in a new tab.
|羊の群れ||flock of sheep|
|呼べ||Command Form of 呼ぶ|
|追い払う||to drive away|
How to read this sentence step by step?
|Step 1: Find the subject/topic of this sentence by the particle は or が.|
In this sentence, 主人 is the topic.
|Step 2: Find the verb of this sentence. (Usually, the verb is in the end of the sentence.)|
In this sentence, 言ってありました is the verb.
(Meaning: to say.)
てある：the result of actions still works. (Here, it means that what master said still works.)
|Step 3: Find the object of this verb by particle を.|
There is no を here. But you can find に， Person + に + 言う means “say something to someone”.
|Step 4: Combine everything we find in the steps above.|
The master said to this boy.
|Step 5: Figure out the “sub part” of this sentence.|
just call for help if the wolves come and attack the flock of sheep, because then the villagers will drive away the wolves.
The と in the end means “quote something”. In this sentence, it quotes what the master said to the boy.
Just in case you want to review the grammar rules, below is a table to help you.
|〜てくる||something come towards you.|
|〜てある||the result of actions still works. (Here, it means that what master said still works.)|
The master said to the boy that just call for help if the wolves come and attack the flock of sheep, because then the villagers will drive away the wolves.