Verb Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
Free
  • 15 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Verb Course

Passive Form

In this lesson,I will teach you how to convert Japanese verbs to Passive Form.


How to convert Japanese verbs to Passive Form?

type-one verb:change the u-hiragana to a-hiragana and add れる in the end.
For example,く→かれる.
Please note that there is an exception. When it is a verb looks like xx-う,for example,う,then you need to change う to わ,not あ,so it will be う→われる.

type-two verb:change theる in the end to られる.
For example,べる→べられる

type-three verb: change the する in the end toされる.
For example,べんきょうする→べんきょうされる

irregular verb:check out the table below

Examples:

ExampleReadingPassive Form
会うあう会われる
書くかく書かれる
嗅ぐかぐ嗅がれる
押すおす押される
打つうつ打たれる
死ぬしぬ死なれる
呼ぶよぶ呼ばれる
飲むのむ飲まれる
やるやるやられる
食べるたべる食べられる
勉強するべんきょうする勉強される
するするされる
来るくる来(こ)られる

Example Sentences:

わたし先生せんせいしかられた
I was scolded by the teacher.
 
彼女かのじょかれにキスされた
She was kissed by him.

わたしははだまされた
I was deceived by my mother.

このひつじおおかみられた
This sheep was eaten by a wolf.
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12 thoughts on “Passive Form

  1. There seems to be a mistake, in the examples table with the second entry it shows 行く next to 書かれる

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      I have corrected the mistake. Thanks for the information!

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  2. こんばんは,

    What is the difference between potential form -ru verbs and passive forms -ru verbs?

    食べられる, for example.

    ありがとうございました!

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      It depends on the context. You need to judge by the context.

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  3. How to use this form in sentence?

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  4. What is the purpose of this form?

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      I have added two examples, hope it helps!

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    2. Thank you very much!

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  5. Can you make a passive form sentence in the present tense?

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      彼(かれ)はいい人(ひと)と言(い)われている。
      He is said to be a good person.

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  6. Hello, I have been loving this course Marshall it is really High quality!
    I have a question why do these example phrases end in られた or された. For example
    the passive form for 𠮟る is 𠮟られる then why does the phrase go 私わ先生に叱られた.Shouldnt the phrase supposed to be 私わ先生に叱られる.And in all your examples end with た but we just learned that the passive form ends with る, for example, たべられる and not たべられた。
    Thank you again Marshall for this splendid course really one of the best I have found so far!

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      Because if you got scolded by your teacher, this thing happened already, so you need to use Past tense, Which is 叱られた。
      Of course you can use 叱られる。
      for example, 私はよく先生に叱られる。I often get scolded by my teacher.

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