Verb Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
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Verb Course

Passive Form

In this lesson,I will teach you how to convert Japanese verbs to Passive Form.


How to convert Japanese verbs to Passive Form?

type-one verb:change the u-hiragana to a-hiragana and add れる in the end.
For example,く→かれる.
Please note that there is an exception. When it is a verb looks like xx-う,for example,う,then you need to change う to わ,not あ,so it will be う→われる.

type-two verb:change theる in the end to られる.
For example,べる→べられる

type-three verb: change the する in the end toされる.
For example,べんきょうする→べんきょうされる

irregular verb:check out the table below

Examples:

ExampleReadingPassive Form
会うあう会われる
書くかく書かれる
嗅ぐかぐ嗅がれる
押すおす押される
打つうつ打たれる
死ぬしぬ死なれる
呼ぶよぶ呼ばれる
飲むのむ飲まれる
やるやるやられる
食べるたべる食べられる
勉強するべんきょうする勉強される
するするされる
来るくる来(こ)られる

Example Sentences:

わたし先生せんせいしかられた
I was scolded by the teacher.
 
彼女かのじょかれにキスされた
She was kissed by him.

わたしははだまされた
I was deceived by my mother.

このひつじおおかみられた
This sheep was eaten by a wolf.
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10 thoughts on “Passive Form

  1. There seems to be a mistake, in the examples table with the second entry it shows 行く next to 書かれる

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      I have corrected the mistake. Thanks for the information!

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  2. こんばんは,

    What is the difference between potential form -ru verbs and passive forms -ru verbs?

    食べられる, for example.

    ありがとうございました!

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      It depends on the context. You need to judge by the context.

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  3. How to use this form in sentence?

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  4. What is the purpose of this form?

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      I have added two examples, hope it helps!

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    2. Thank you very much!

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  5. Can you make a passive form sentence in the present tense?

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      彼(かれ)はいい人(ひと)と言(い)われている。
      He is said to be a good person.

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