Pronoun Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
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Pronoun Course

Lesson 4: This person, That person, Who

In this lesson, I will teach you how to say “this person, that person, who” in Japanese.


How to say “this person, that person, who” in Japanese?

WordExplanation
こちら/このかた/このひとこちら/このかた/このひと means 【this person】 → the person close to the speaker but far from the listener
そちら/そのかた/そのひとそちら/そのかた/そのひと: means 【that person】 → the person close to the listener but far from the speaker
あちら/あのかた/あのひとあちら/あのかた/あのひと: means 【that person】 → the person far from the listener and speaker.
どちらさま/どのかた/どのひと/だれどちらさま/どのかた/どのひと/だれ: means 【who】 → The person you don’t know

Examples:

こちらはわたしのおきゃくさんです。
This person is my guest.

そのかたわたしのおきゃくさんです。
That person is my guest.

あのひとわたしのおきゃくさんです。
That person is my guest.

このひとだれですか。
Who’s this guy?

どちらさまでしょうか。
May I ask your name?

だれですか 。
Who are you?

Notes:

1.こっち/そっち/あっち is an informal way to say こちら/そちら/あちら
2.こちら/このかた/そちら/そのかた/どちらさま/どのかた is more polite than このひと/そのひと/あのひと/だれ,so you should use こちら/このかた/そちら/そのかた/どちらさま/どのかた often.
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13 thoughts on “Lesson 4: This person, That person, Who

  1. Thanks!

    2+

  2. Is there a “どっち” ? Or does the こっち/そっち/あっち pattern not apply to it?

    1+

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Yes! どっち means Which/where

      2+

  3. Also, for the politeness part, which is more polite than あの人?
    そちら/その方 seems to correspond with その人 and どちらさま/どの方 with 誰 going by the lesson, so I’m guessing it should be あちら/あの方, is that correct?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Yes! you are right!

      2+

  4. こちらは女です
    こちらは車です
    こちらは男です
    こちらは女子です
    こちらはゲムではないです

    こっちは私のお母さんですno

    そちらは私の家です< That's my house
    そちらは私の家ではない< That's not my house

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  5. Oh wait, or do these どちら、こちら、あちら、only apply for people and not things?

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    1. Admin bar avatar

      both

      1+

  6. Generally, we use “person”. So in Japanese, 方/人.

    I would like to confirm: Is it still polite to say 男/女?
    Ex. その男はどちらですか。

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    1. I forgot to include さま above.
      –> その男はどちらさまですか。

      Since I already have extra comment, I would like to add the confirmation of the following.

      I am more used to using polite form (superior) because of our training in corporate setup. I don’t normally use casual form (friends) because I’m not quite knowlegable about it as well.

      Is there no problem if polite form is used when talking to friends?

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    2. Admin bar avatar

      if he/she is your friend, it will sound too formal to use polite form.

      1+

    3. * knowledgeable

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    4. Admin bar avatar

      If you want to be polite, you’d better use 方(かた)
      その方はどなたでしょうか

      1+

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