Particle Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
Free
  • 14 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Particle Course

Case particle 5:へ

In this lesson, I will teach you how to use the particle へ.


Function 1: the destination or direction of moving

If you want to express the destination or direction of moving, you can use something like below.

Destination or Direction + へ + Verb

Examples:

わたしくにかえった。
I was back to the motherland.

こうみなみんでいきます。
The plane will fly to the south.

かれ学校がっこうきました。
He went to school.

Notes:

①Both へ and に has the function of telling us the destination of action,They are interchangeable most of the time.(But young people use に more and the old use へ more.)
②へ emphasizes the direction while に emphasizes point of destination.

Function 2: the object of action

If you want to express the object of action, you can use something like below.

object + + Verb
object + + + Noun

Examples:

友達ともだちがみく。
I write letters to friends.

友達ともだちへのがみなくなりました。
I lost the letter to my friend.

Notes:

①Both へ and に has the function of telling us the object of action,but へ emphasizes the process of action,while に emphasizes the result of action.
②If you want to express something like “A letter to a friend”, you can only say “友達ともだちへのがみ“, you can’t say “友達ともだちにのがみ“.
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