Particle Course

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Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
Free
  • 14 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Particle Course

Case particle 5:へ

In this lesson, I will teach you how to use the particle へ.
The particle へ has two functions.


Function 1: The destination or direction of moving

If you want to express the destination or direction of moving, you can use something like below.

Destination or Direction + + Verb

Examples:

わたしくにかえった。
I was back to the motherland.

こうみなみんでいきます。
The plane will fly to the south.

かれ学校がっこうきました。
He went to school.

ろくここなさい。
Come here at six o’clock.

列車れっしゃ西にしはしっていた。
The train was hurrying west.

Notes:

①Both へ and に has the function of telling us the destination of action,They are interchangeable most of the time.(But young people use に more and the old use へ more.)
②へ emphasizes the direction while に emphasizes point of destination.

Function 2: The object of action

If you want to express the object of action, you can use something like below.

Object + + Verb
Object + + + Noun(This pattern is more often used.)

Examples:

友達ともだちがみく。
I write letters to friends.

友達ともだちへのがみなくなりました。
I lost the letter to my friend.

ちちへのおくものさがしています。
I’m looking for a gift for my father.

かれへのあいもうめてしまった。
My love for him has already cooled.

わたしたちかれへの信頼しんらいうしなわれてしまった。
Our confidence in him is gone.

Notes:

①Both へ and に has the function of telling us the object of action,but へ emphasizes the process of action,while に emphasizes the result of action.
②If you want to express something like “A letter to a friend”, you can only say “友達ともだちへのがみ“, you can’t say “友達ともだちにのがみ“.

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