Adjective Course

Admin bar avatar
Marshall
JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
Free
  • 5 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Adjective Course

Lesson 3: na-adj

There are six forms in ナ-adj.
They are Negative Form, Past Tense Form,  Negative Past Tense Form, Te Form, Adverb Form, Noun Form.

WordMeaning
しずquiet
like
下手へたbe not good at
Examples words I will use in this lesson

FormHow to convert
Negative FormAdd ではない/ではありません in the end.
Note: ではありません is the polite form and ではない is the plain form.

Examples:
しずか→静かではない/静かではありません
き→好きではない/好きではありません
下手へた→下手ではない/下手ではありません
Past Tense FormAdd だった/でした in the end.
Note: でした is the polite form and だった is the plain form.

Examples:
しずか→静かだった/静かでした
き→好きだった/好きでした
下手へた→下手だった/下手でした
Negative Past Tense FormAdd ではなかった/ではありませんでした in the end.
Note: You can use じゃ to replace では in oral Japanese. such as じゃない/じゃありません.

Examples:
しずか→静かではなかった/静かではありませんでした
き→好きではなかった/好きではありませんでした
下手へた→下手ではなかった/下手ではありませんでした
Te FormAdd で in the end.
Note: Te Form of adjectives has nothing to do with “please”, it’s used in many Japanese grammar rules you will learn in the later grammar lessons.

Examples:
しずか→しずかで
き→きで
下手へた下手へた
Adverb FormAdd に in the end.

Examples:
しずか→しずかに(Example: しずかにしてください。→Please be quiet!)
き→きに
下手へた下手へた
Noun FormYou don’t need to do anything.

Usually, na-adj that only has two kanji can function as a noun. Such as 安全あんぜん(safe, safety)、けん(risky, risk) . Not all na-adj has noun form.

Practice:

You can use the words below to practice what you have learned in this lesson.

WordMeaning
きらdislike
きれいbeautiful
親切しんせつkind
13+
avataravataravataravataravataravataravataravataravatar

10 thoughts on “Lesson 3: na-adj

  1. How do I know which one is イ- and which one is ナ-adj?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      If an adj has い in the end, then it’s a い adj, otherwise it’s a na adj.
      Exception:きれい、きらい are na adj.

      0

    2. Those 2 are the only exceptions right?

      0

    3. Admin bar avatar

      Yes

      0

  2. Which will be the affirmative form of kirai : KIRAIDA OR KIRADA?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      きらいだ

      0

  3. I was wondering, on an app I’ve used before finding your site I learned that the Present Negative form of な-adjectives is formed with じゃない (すきじゃないです) and the Past Negative form is formed with じゃなかった (すきじゃなかった).
    Which of the forms is correct, this one or the one you used here with ではない and ではなかった ? Or are both of them correct but used in different situations?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      I renewed adj course for you. You can have a look!

      0

  4. What’s the difference between きれい and 美しい?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      美しい:so beautiful(the degree is very high, often used to describe artwork)
      綺麗:beautiful, clean

      2+

Leave a Reply