Adjective Course

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JLPT Basic, JLPT Course
  • 5 lessons
  • 0 quizzes
  • 96 week duration

Adjective Course

Lesson 1: How to classify Japanese Adjectives?

There are two types of adjectives in Japanese. They are i-adj and na-adj.

How can I know an adjective is a i-adj or na-adj?

There is a い in the end of a i-adj, that’s why they are called as  i-adj.

And if you want to use i-adj to describe nouns, it will be very simple.

It’s the same as English. For example:


a high mountain

たかい is a i-adj(There is a い in the end, right?), its meaning is “high”.

And やま is a noun, its meaning is “mountain”.

However, na-adj is different.

Usually, a na-adj is two kanji(like 親切しんせつ安全あんぜんけん), or one kanji+か(しずか、あきらか、たしか), But there are other patterns too.

If you want to use na-adj to describe nouns, you need to add a な between na-adj and noun.

So if you see a な before a noun, then it means that you met a na-adj.

For example,


quiet room

しずか is a na-adj, its meaning is “quiet”, 部屋へや is a noun, its meaning is “room”.


kind person

親切しんせつ is a na-adj, its meaning is “kind”, ひと is a noun, its meaning is “person”.


There are two exceptions that are similar to i-adj, but they are na-adj. They are:

きれい: its meaning is “beautiful”, for example, きれいな女性じょせい→beautiful woman. The kanji of きれい is れい, because it’s hard to write, many people use hiragana instead.

きらい: its meaning is “dislike”, for example, きらいなひと→people I dislike.