【1】Alphabet Course

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Basic Course
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【1】Alphabet Course

Lesson 1: Learn Dakuon and Han-dakuon

Except ん(撥音はつおん), Kana you learned in former lessons are called as Seion(清音せいおん).
In this lesson, I will teach you Dakuon and Han-dakuon.


Dakuon(濁音だくおん

Below are the Seion with corresponding Dakuon.

Note: Not all Seion have corresponding Dakuon.

SeionDakuon
かきくけこ・カキクケコ

“ka”, “ki”, “ku”, “ke”, “ko”
がぎぐげご・ガギグゲゴ

“ga”, “gi”, “gu”, “ge”, “go”
さしすせそ・サシスセソ

“sa”, “shi”, “su”, “se”, “so”
ざじずぜぞ・ザジズゼゾ

“za”, “ji“, “zu”, “ze”, “zo”
たちつてと・タチツテト

“ta”, “chi”, “tsu”, “te”, “to”
だぢづでど・ダヂヅデド

“da”, “ji“, “zu“, “de”, “do”
はひふへほ・ハヒフヘホ

“ha”, “hi”, “fu”, “he”, “ho”
ばびぶべぼ・バビブベボ

“ba”, “bi”, “bu”, “be”, “bo”

Notes:

①The pronunciation of ぢ is the same as じ, but ぢ is hardly used. If you want to type ぢ with your Japanese keyboard, you can type “di”.
②The pronunciation of づ is the same as ず. If you want to type づ with your Japanese keyboard, you can type “du”.
③It is believed that up until the Kamakura Period (12th century), these two sets of characters (じ and ぢ/ず and づ) were used separately depending on the tongue usage. However, in modern Japanese, all you need to know is the following:

じ is used 99% of the time for JI.
ぢ is for limited use only.
(example)
はなぢ(nose bleed), そこぢから(SOKOJIKARA = underlying strength), etc.

ず is used 98% of the time for ZU.
づ is for limited use only, just like ぢ.
(example)
つづく (TSUZUKU = to continue), きづく (KIZUKU = to notice), etc.

Most of the time, you will use じ for JI and ず for ZU.

Below is a video to help you remember dakuon.

Video author: japanese-lesson

Han-dakuon(半濁音はんだくおん

Below are the Seion with corresponding Dakuon and Han-dakuon.

Note: Only はひふへほ・ハヒフヘホ have corresponding Han-dakuon.

SeionDakuonHan-dakuon
はひふへほ・ハヒフヘホ

“ha”, “hi”, “fu”,
“he”, “ho”
ばびぶべぼ・バビブベボ

“ba”, “bi”, “bu”,
“be”, “bo”
ぱぴぷぺぽ・パピプペポ

“pa”, “pi”, “pu”,
“pe”, “po”

Below is a video to help you remember Han-dakuon.

Video author: japanese-lesson

Dakuon&Han-dakuon Review:

HiraganaKatakanaRomaji
ga
gi
gu
ge
go
za
ji
zu
ze
zo
da
ji
zu
de
do
ba
bi
bu
be
bo
pa
pi
pu
pe
po

Dakuon&Han-dakuon Test:

3852

Dakuon&Han-Dakuon Quiz

Please input Romaji.

Number of Questions: 25 in total

1 / 25

Type the Romaji of ぺ/ペ

2 / 25

Type the Romaji of ぽ/ポ

3 / 25

Type the Romaji of ぢ/ヂ

4 / 25

Type the Romaji of ぱ/パ

5 / 25

Type the Romaji of ぶ/ブ

6 / 25

Type the Romaji of ぴ/ピ

7 / 25

Type the Romaji of ば/バ

8 / 25

Type the Romaji of べ/ベ

9 / 25

Type the Romaji of ご/ゴ

10 / 25

Type the Romaji of ぐ/グ

11 / 25

Type the Romaji of ず/ズ

12 / 25

Type the Romaji of じ/ジ

13 / 25

Type the Romaji of ぷ/プ

14 / 25

Type the Romaji of ぎ/ギ

15 / 25

Type the Romaji of ぼ/ボ

16 / 25

Type the Romaji of ぞ/ゾ

17 / 25

Type the Romaji of が/ガ

18 / 25

Type the Romaji of づ/ヅ

19 / 25

Type the Romaji of ど/ド

20 / 25

Type the Romaji of ぜ/ゼ

21 / 25

Type the Romaji of び/ビ

22 / 25

Type the Romaji of で/デ

23 / 25

Type the Romaji of ざ/ザ

24 / 25

Type the Romaji of げ/ゲ

25 / 25

Type the Romaji of だ/ダ

Your score is

The average score is 93%

0%


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All JLPT N5 Words Containing Dakuon&Han-dakuon (Hiragana):

WordReadingMeaning
時間じかんtime
以前いぜんbefore
午前ごぜんmorning
午後ごごafternoon
今晩こんばんtonight
毎晩まいばんevery night
げつmonth
先月せんげつlast month
今月こんげつthis month
来月らいげつnext month
外国がいこくforeign country
海外かいがいoverseas
大学だいがくuniversity
博物館はくぶつかんmuseum
人間にんげんhuman
全員ぜんいんeveryone
外国人がいこくじんforeigner
先輩せんぱいsenior
友達ともだちfriend
子供こどもchild
叔父おじuncle
叔母おばaunt
かぎkey
かばんかばんbag
作文さくぶんcomposition
新聞しんぶんnewspaper
地図ちずmap
手紙てがみletter
電話でんわphone
灰皿はいざらashtray
食べ物たべものfood
朝ご飯あさごはんbreakfast
昼ご飯ひるごはんlunch
晩ご飯ばんごはんdinner
お握りおにぎりrice ball
ご飯ごはんrice
たまごegg
唐揚げからあげfried chicken
豚肉ぶたにくpork
果物くだものfruit
りんごりんごapple
みずwater
上着うわぎouterwear
家具かぐfurniture
本棚ほんだなbookshelf
音楽おんがくmusic
仕事しごとwork
入り口いりぐちentrance
出口でぐちexit
階段かいだんstairs
玄関げんかんentrance
まどwindow
台所だいどころkitchen
売り場うりばsales floor
からだbody
のどthroat
なみだtear
元気げんきenergy
風邪かぜcommon cold
日本語にほんごJapanese language
外国語がいこくごforeign language
言葉ことばwords
漢字かんじkanji
ひだりleft
みぎright
ひがしeast
かどcorner
かぜwind
地震じしんearthquake
湿度しつどhumidity
かずnumber
全部ぜんぶall
半分はんぶんhalf
初めてはじめてfirst time
問題もんだいproblem
電気でんきelectricity
みどりgreen
危ないあぶないdangerous
長いながいlong
まずいまずいbad
静かしずかquiet
賑やかにぎやかbusy
急ぐいそぐbe in a hurry
選ぶえらぶto choose
泳ぐおよぐto swim
被るかぶるto put on (hats)
探すさがすto look for
滑るすべるto slide
出すだすto put out
違うちがうbe different
飛ぶとぶto fly
並ぶならぶto line up
脱ぐぬぐto take off (clothes)
始まるはじまる(it) begins
曲がるまがるbe bent
磨くみがくto polish
呼ぶよぶto call
上げるあげるto increase
浴びるあびるto take a bath
覚えるおぼえるto remember
信じるしんじるto believe
食べるたべるto eat
出かけるでかけるto go out
出るでるto get out
並べるならべるto line up
散歩するさんぽするto take a walk

All JLPT N5 Words Containing Dakuon&Han-dakuon (Katakana):

WordMeaning
コンビニconvenience store
アルバムalbum
タバコcigarette
ペンpen
ポストpost
ボタンbutton
メガネglasses
バナナbanana
ズボンpants
ラジオradio
テレビTV
ダンスdance
ゴルフgolf
バスbus
ドアdoor
グラムgram
キログラムkilogram

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12 thoughts on “Lesson 1: Learn Dakuon and Han-dakuon

  1. I have a question
    Do i have to learn katakana before going further in courses or am i good with only hiragana?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Katakana is important too! I think it will be better to remember them all.

      2+

  2. hello, please i need to ask you to include tests for those courses

    0

  3. Bruh, Megumin, I thought you were already fluent in Japanese?

    0

  4. What is the difference between じ and ぢ

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      in most cases, じ is used instead of ぢ

      1+

  5. And whats the difference between ず and づ

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Both are used,but their pronunciations are the same.

      0

  6. The note regarding typing some characters are helpful. I didn’t know those at first. It’s a good information to remember just in case those characters are needed.

    1+

  7. Hello, so I completed memorizing Hiragana and Katakana but now I don’t know how to keep going and learn Dakuon, Yoon, Sokuon, and the prolonged sounds, so I was hoping someone could point me in the right direction of what to do?

    0

    1. Admin bar avatar

      Just read the words below to practice them! They are not hard at all!

      0

  8. I just realized that せ (se) and サ (sa) look more similar than せ (se) and セ (se) or さ(sa) and サ(sa).

    0

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